PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DESA PURWASARI, DRAMAGA, BOGOR, MELALUI KEGIATAN BUDIDAYA IKAN BAWAL (Colossoma Macropomum) DAN MAGGOT (Hermentia Illuciens L.)
Purwasari village has an unutilized resources for aquaculture activities, such as ponds, water from agriculture irrigation, and human resources in farmer groups. Despite the high interest in aquaculture activities that the people have, the aquaculture activities are still limited by the lack of knowledge regarding the technical aspect of aquaculture. Besides, the high price of the fish feed also becomes a primary limiting factor. This community service aimed to increase the community empowerment of Purwasari village by Tambaqui fish and maggot culture, to increase the profitability and food security of Purwasari village during the Covid-19 pandemic crisis. This activity was performed using a hybrid method, consisting of offline activities for the field survey, and controlling; online activities for distributing monthly questionnaires, and arranging a meeting between the university lecturer, speaker, and the villagers. This activity established a knowledge transfer from the university (Institut Pertanian Bogor) to the villagers. Based on the results of the questionnaire, this activity increased the knowledge, skill, number of members, and responsibility of the farmer group. Indicators of the physical improvement could be seen in the pond revitalization and infrastructure of the Tambaqui and maggot culture. This community service activity was applicable in Purwasari village and potentially increased the profitability and food security of Purwasari village during the Covid-19 pandemic crisis.
Alix, M., Olav, S. K., & Anderson, K. C. (2020). From gametogenesis to spawning: How climate-driven warming affects teleost reproductive biology. J Fish Biol, 97(3), 607–632. https://doi.org/doi:10.1111/jfb.14439
Balai Informasi Penyuluh Pertanian M. (2001). Departemen Pertanian. 2001. Pembesaran Ikan Bawal Air Tawar.
Bosch, G., Zhang, S., Dennis, G. A. B. O., & Wouter, H. H. (2014). Protein quality of insects as potential ingredients for dog and cat foods. J Nutr Sci, 3, 1–4.
Cannella, L., Nassef, A. R. A., Bailey, D., & Ferrarezi, R. S. (2016). Alternative Sources of Food for Aquaponics in the US Virgin Islands: A Case Study with Black Soldier Flies. Agricult. Exp. Station 34.
Finke, M. D., & Oonincx, D. (2014). Insects as food for insectivores. In: Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms. Elsevier, 583–616.
Hilsdorf, A. W. S., Hallerman, A., Valladão, G. M. R., Zaminhan, H M Hashimoto, D. T., Dairiki, J. K., Takahashi, L. S., Albergaria, F. C., Gomes, M. E. S., Venturieri, R. L. L., Moreira, R. G., & Cyrino, J. E. P. (2021). The farming and husbandry of Colossoma macropomum: From Amazonian waters to sustainable production. Reviews in Aquaculture, 14, 993–1027. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1111/raq.12638.
Indarmawan. (2014). Hewan Avertebrata Sebagai Pakan Ikan Lele. Purwokerto (ID) : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman.
Mohan, K., Rajan, D. K., Muralisankar, T., Ganesan, A. R., Sathishkumar, P., & Revathi, N. (2022). Use of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.) larvae meal in aquafeeds for a sustainable aquaculture industry: A review of past and future needs. Aquaculture, 553, 738095. https://doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2022.738095.
Müller, A., Wolf, D., & Gutzeit, H. O. (2017). The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens – a promising source for sustainable production of proteins, lipids and bioactive substances. Z. Naturforsch, 72((9-10)), 351–363. https://doi.org/DOI 10.1515/znc-2017-0030.
Nowak, V., Persijn, D., Rittenschober, D., & Charrondiere, U. R. (2016). Review of food composition data for edible insects. Food Chem, 193, 39–46.
Scheneider, J. C. (2009). Principles and procedures for rearing high quality insects.
Servili, A., Canario, A. V. M., Mouchel, O., & Muñoz-Cueto, J. A. (2020). Climate change impacts on fish reproduction are mediated at multiple levels of the brain-pituitary- gonad axis. Gen Comp Endocrinol, 291, 113439. https://doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2020.113439.
Sheppard, D. C., Tomberlin, J. K., Joyce, J. A., Kiser, B. C., & Sumner, S. M. (2002). Rearing methods for the black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). J. Med. Entomol, 39, 695–698.
SIDATIK Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2018). Jumlah produksi perikanan budidaya kolam menurut jenis ikan dan provinsi, 2017-2018.
Suciati, R., & Hilman, F. (2017). Efektifitas media pertumbuhan maggots Hermetia illucens (lalat tentara hitam) sebagai Solusi Pemanfaatan Sampah Organik. Biosfer, J. Bio & Pend. Bio, 2(1), 8–13.
Tschirner, M., & Kloas, W. (2017). Increasing the sustainability of aquaculture systems: Insects as alternative protein source for fish diets. GAIA-Ecol. Perspect. Sci. Soc, 26, 332–340.
Woynárovich, & Van, A. R. (2019). Field guide to the culture of tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum, Cuvier, 1816). FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper 624. FAO, 1–121.