• Agustina Boru Gultom Jurusan Keperawatan Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Medan
  • Arbani Batubara Jurusan Keperawatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Medan
  • Afniwati Afniwati Jurusan Keperawatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Medan




Progressive Muscle Relaxation, Classical Music, Stress, Blood Pressure, Hypertension


The Sunggal Community Health Center is in Sunggal District, Medan City, and has several health problems. Hypertension is ranked third among the ten most common diseases in 2022. One of the work areas of the Sunggal Health Center in Medan City where there are many hypertensive patients is the Sunggal sub-district area, with hypertension patients. some experienced an increase in their blood pressure, some experienced an increase in tension in daily life. The aim of this activity is that people who experience hypertension will experience a decrease in stress and blood pressure through progressive muscle relaxation exercises accompanied by classical music. . Community service activities include measuring stress using the SUDS (Subjective Units of Distress Scale) questionnaire and blood pressure using an Omron brand digital blood pressure monitor before training begins. Then the intervention continued in the form of progressive muscle relaxation exercises accompanied by classical music using lecture, question and answer, demonstration and re-demonstration methods for progressive muscle relaxation exercises accompanied by classical music. Then, measure stress and blood pressure again using the same questionnaire and tools. The target was 30 hypertensive patients carried out in the Sunggal sub-district. The results of the activity showed a decrease in stress by 23.68%, a decrease in systolic blood pressure by 9.47 mmHg, diastolic by 4.00 mmHg. Progressive muscle relaxation exercises accompanied by classical music can make a good contribution as a non-pharmacological nursing intervention in reducing stress and lowering blood pressure in hypertensive patients quickly.


Download data is not yet available.


Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan,Kemenkes RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. http://labdata.litbang.kemkes.go.id/images/download/laporan/RKD/2013/Laporan_riskesdas_2013_final.pdf

Bernstein, D. A., Borkovec, T. D., & Holly Hazlett-Stevens. (2000). New Directions in Progressive Relaxation Training: A Guidebook for Helping Professionals. Praeger.

Dr.Ishawarbhai Joshi. (2022). Stress & Anger Management: (Psychology for everyone) Series 6 of 12. ideazunlimited3@gmail.com.

Forkel, J. N., & Terry, C. S. (2011). The Project Gutenberg EBook of Johann Sebastian Bach. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/35041/35041-h/35041-h.html

Gultom, A. B., & Batubara, A. (2021). The Use of Progressive Muscle Relaxation with Classical Music in Hypertension Women. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 11(9), 44–51. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v11n9p44

John-Bosco Osimbo Namwamba. (2012). The Effect Of Classical Instrumental Background Music Volume On Performance In Mathematics Tests, Self Efficacy, And Test Anxiety Of College Students. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/John-Bosco-Namwamba/publication/328175402_THE_EFFECT_OF_CLASSICAL_INSTRUMENTAL_BACKGROUND_MUSIC_VOLUME_ON_PERFORMANCE_IN_MATHEMATICS_TESTS_SELF_EFFICACY_AND_TEST_ANXIETY_OF_COLLEGE_STUDENTS_In_Partial_Fulfillment_of_th

Setyoadi., Kushariyadi. (2011). Terapi Modalitas Keperawatan Pada Klien Psikogeriatrik. Salemba Medika.

Shinde, N., Shinde, K., Khatri, S., & Hande, D. (2013). Immediate Effect of Jacobson’s Progressive Muscular Relaxation in Hypertension. Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy - An International Journal. https://doi.org/10.5958/j.0973-5674.7.3.098

Siregar, A. H., & Gultom, A. B. (2018). The influence of progressive muscle relaxation on stress, blood pressure, and quality of life in hypertension patients in the working area of Muliorejo Puskesmas, deli Serdang regency. International Journal of Advanced Nursing Studies, 7(1), 39–43. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijans.v7i1.8931

Snyder,M.,Lindquist,R. (2010). Complementary & Alternative Therapies in Nursing (6th ed.). Springer Publishing Company.

Tim Riskesdas 2018,Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.Kemenkes RI. (2019). Laporan Nasional Riskesdas 2018. Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. http://labdata.litbang.kemkes.go.id/images/download/laporan/RKD/2018/Laporan_Nasional_RKD2018_FINAL.pdf

Trappe, H.-J., & Irini Maria Breker. (2018). Differential effects of Bach’s Orchestral Suite No. 3 on blood pressure and heart rate - a prospective controlled study. Music and Medicine. https://doi.org/10.47513/mmd.v10i1.553

Vlachopoulos, C., Aggelakas, A., Ioakeimidis, N., Xaplanteris, P., Terentes-Printzios, D., Abdelrasoul, M., Lazaros, G., & Tousoulis, D. (2015). Music decreases aortic stiffness and wave reflections. Atherosclerosis, 240(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.03.010

WHO. (2021). More than 700 million people with untreated hypertension. https://www.who.int/news/item/25-08-2021-more-than-700-million-people-with-untreated-hypertension

WHO. (2023). Hypertension. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension



How to Cite

Gultom, A. B., Batubara, A., & Afniwati, A. (2024). EFEK RELAKSASI OTOT PROGRESIF DISERTAI MUSIK KLASIK TERHADAP STRESS DAN TEKANAN DARAH PASIEN HIPERTENSI SECARA CEPAT . Jurnal Abdi Insani, 11(2), 1553–1560. https://doi.org/10.29303/abdiinsani.v11i2.1595



section editor